Multiple Sclerosis: Symptoms and Types

By By Julia Aparicio | April 11, 2016 3:05 pm

Many symptoms are associated with multiple sclerosis, a disease that affects the central nervous system. Symptoms are a result of disturbance in the nerve signaling from the nervous system to the rest of the body, caused by harm to the myelin and nerve cells.

Depending on the amount of nerve damage, as well as which nerves have been affected, the symptoms of MS can vary greatly. Signs of MS also can vary depending on the person and where she or he is in the course of the disease. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, many patients experience their first symptoms of MS between the ages of 20 and 40.

The initial symptoms are typically blurred or double vision, red-green color distortion, or, occasionally, blindness in one eye. The symptoms can be serious enough to cause problems with standing and walking. According to the Mayo Clinic, other symptoms associated with MS can include:

According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, approximately half of all people with MS also experience cognitive impairments, including difficulties with:

Patients with MS typically experience an initial neurologic event indicating the disease, typically referred to as Clinically Isolated Syndrome or CIS. It can last for at least one day; the patient displays signs of a lesion, or multiple lesions, inside the central nervous system. There are four different types of MS, each of which is named based on how the disease affects the body over time. The four types are:

Signs of MS can be worsened by minor increases in body temperature; however, those are not considered relapses. People with MS also are more likely to develop certain complications such as depression, epilepsy, or paralysis.

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